January 5, 2009 – Rescuing Fannie Mae

Fannie Mae


The Federal Reserve Bank of New York begins purchasing fixed-rate mortgage-backed securities guaranteed by Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac and Ginnie Mae under a program first announced on November 25, 2008.

January 12, 2009 – Allocating TARP Funding

At the request of President-Elect Obama, President Bush submits a request to Congress for the remaining $350 billion in TARP funding for use by the incoming administration.

January 16, 2009 – TARP in Action


The U.S. Treasury Department purchases a total of $1.4 billion in preferred stock from 39 U.S. banks under the Capital Purchase Program.  In the same day, The U.S. Treasury Department, Federal Reserve and FDIC finalize terms of their guarantee agreement with Citigroup.

February 26, 2009 – Fannie Mae Reports Massive Loss


Fannie Mae reports a loss of $25.2 billion in the fourth quarter of 2008, and a full year 2008 loss of $58.7 billion. Fannie Mae also reports that on February 25, 2009, the Federal Housing Finance Agency submitted a request for $15.2 billion from the U.S. Treasury Department under the terms of the Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement in order to eliminate Fannie Mae’s net worth deficit as of December 31, 2008.

March 2, 2009 – Additional Bailout for AIG


The U.S. Treasury Department and Federal Reserve Board announce a restructuring of the government’s assistance to American International Group (AIG). Under the restructuring, AIG will receive as much as $30 billion of additional capital from the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). In addition, the U.S. Treasury Department will exchange its existing $40 billion cumulative preferred shares in AIG for new preferred shares with revised terms that more closely resemble common equity. Finally, AIG’s revolving credit facility with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York will be reduced from $60 billion to no less than $25 billion and the terms will be modified. In exchange, the Federal Reserve will receive preferred interests in two special purpose vehicles created to hold the outstanding common stock of two subsidiaries of AIG: American Life Insurance Company and American International Assurance Company Ltd. Separately, AIG reports a fourth quarter 2008 loss of $61.7 billion, and a loss of $99.3 billion for all of 2008.

March 19, 2009 – IndyMac to OneWest Bank


The FDIC completes the sale of IndyMac Federal Bank to OneWest Bank. OneWest will assume all deposits of IndyMac, and the 33 branches of IndyMac will reopen as branches of OneWest on March 20. As of January 31, 2009, IndyMac had total assests of $23.5 billion and total deposits of $6.4 billion. IndyMac reported fourth quarter 2008 losses of $2.6 billion, and the total estimated loss to the Deposit Insurance Fund of the FDIC is $10.7 billion. The FDIC had been named conservator of IndyMac FSB on July 11, 2008.

April 6, 2009 – Liquidity Crisis

European Central Bank


The Federal Reserve announces new reciprocal currency agreements (swap lines) with the Bank of England, the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan and the Swiss National Bank that would enable the provision of foreign currency liquidity by the Federal Reserve to U.S. financial institutions.

May 20, 2009 – Helping Families Save Their Home Act

President Obama signs the Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009, which temporarily raises FDIC deposit insurance coverage from $100,000 per depositor to $250,000 per depositor.  The new coverage at FDIC-insured institutions will expire on January 1, 2014, when the amount will return to its standard level of $100,000 per depositor for all account categories except IRAs and other certain retirement accounts.  This action supersedes the October 3, 2008 changes.

June 1, 2009 – General Motors Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

Declaring General Motors Bankruptcy

As part of a new restructuring agreement with the U.S. Treasury and the governments of Canada and Ontario, General Motors Corporation and three domestic subsidiaries announce that they have filed for relief under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code.

July 23, 2009 – Truth in Lending in Crossfire

home loan


The Federal Reserve Board proposes significant changes to Regulation Z (Truth in Lending) intended to improve the disclosures consumers receive in connection with closed-end mortgages and home-equity lines of credit. Among other changes, the Board’s proposal would improve the disclosure of the annual percentage rate on closed-end mortgages and require lenders to show consumers how much their monthly payments might increase for adjustable-rate mortgages. The proposal would also prohibit payments to a mortgage broker or loan officer that are based on a loan’s interest rate or other terms, and prohibit lenders from steering consumers to transactions that are not in their interest in order to increase the lender’s compensation.

August 25, 2009 – Ben Bernanke Renominated

President Obama and Ben Bernanke

President Obama nominates Ben S. Bernanke for a second term as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.

September 18, 2009 – From the Dust of Lehman Brothers


The U.S. Department of the Treasury announces the expiration of the Guarantee Program for Money Market Funds, which was implemented in the wake of the failure of Lehman Brothers in September 2008. The Program was initially established for a three-month period that could be extended up through September 18, 2009. Since its inception, the Treasury had no losses under the Program and earned approximately $1.2 billion in participation fees.

October 14, 2009 – Dow Jones Above 10,000


The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 10,000 for the first time since October 3, 2008.

November 1, 2009 – CIT Files for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy

CIT bankruptcy


CIT Group, Inc., files for bankruptcy protection under Chapter 11 of the bankruptcy code. The U.S. Government purchased $2.3 billion of CIT preferred stock in December 2008 under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). The firm’s prepackaged bankruptcy is expected to wipe out the equity stakes of CIT’s current shareholders, including the U.S. Government.

December 2, 2009 – Bank of America Repays TARP

Bank of America, Time Square, New York City


Bank of America announces that it will repurchase the entire $45 billion of cumulative preferred stock issued to the U.S. Treasury under the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) after the completion of a securities offering.

December 9, 2009 – Exit Strategy for TARP

Secretary of Treasury Timonthy Geithner

U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner sends a letter to Congressional leaders outlining the Administration’s exit strategy for the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). Secretary Geithner announces that the program will be extended to October 3, 2010, and focus on three areas: 1) foreclosure mitigation; 2) providing capital to small and community banks; and 3) possible increases in the Treasury Department’s commitment to the Term Asset-Backed Securities Loan Facility (TALF).